All inkjet printer inks used in the home and most businesses use a similar formulation. The basic make-up of ink jet inks is de-ionized water as the solvent, isopropyl alcohol or glycol as the drying agent, and dye base to provide the color. There is a three main types of ink used for printing which is Dye Ink, Sublimation Ink, and Pigment Ink.
How long do you need your prints to resist fade? Is it 10 years, 20 years, 70? Put another way, do you want the prints to resist fade like a professional quality lab print? If your answer to the second question is yes, and if your timeline exceeds 25 years, then you need pigment inks. The science behind pigments allows prints to resist fade for the longest possible time. When you pair pigment inks with high quality inkjet paper and display prints away from bright light, your chances of seeing significant fade before the 50 year mark are low.
If long-term fade resistance is not critical and your primary need is for bold color and great looks, dye-based inks are a good choice. As a rule, dye inks offer better color gamut and performance compared to pigment inks using the same number of colors. Dye inks will not offer the same fade resistance and in some cases can begin to fade quite rapidly. Because of this possibility, projects such as portfolios, graphic arts presentations, greeting cards, and business materials are ideal. The good news is that Canon and Epson dye inks are vastly improved when compared to ink from 10 years ago. Reports show that even on display, you may see fade resistance stretch into and beyond the 20 year mark with modern dye inks.
With either ink, the type of inkjet paper used affects fade resistance. Your rule of thumb is that non-reflective papers resist fade longer than ones with reflective surfaces. For example, a matte photo paper print will fade slower than a print on a resin coated photo glossy. This maxim is true regardless of paper's brand name or manufacturer.
The dye in the dye-based ink dissolves in water like sugar does in water completely.
It’s also known for easily obtaining saturated, brilliant colors due to its small molecular size, 1.5-4 nanometers (1 nanometer=1/1000 of a micrometer, 1 micrometer=1/1000 of a millimeter). Because of this, dye-based inks flow better and have been the standard in inkjet printers. But the dye will re-dissolve and the ink will flow across the paper if drops of water hit the paper. For normal document printing on inkjet paper, photo paper, PVC card etc, we would recommend dye ink as it is much economic compared to pigment ink.
Pigment inks use tiny particles of colored material to provide ink color, rather than paper-staining dyes. Pigment inks are comprised of tiny, encapsulated particles that sit on top of the paper, instead of being absorbed into a paper is fibers, which is what happens with dyes. Most pigment ink printers also offer more subtle color shading, since they use up to eight different ink colors. Pigment inks are much more stable than dye-based inks and can last more than 200 years on some paper types, under ideal (museum-quality lighting and framing) conditions. For T-shirt printing on dark based / light based cotton materials with transfer papers, it is good to use pigment inks because it is waterproof.
82Sublimation printing has been around for decades, they would print through an inkjet printer that it became an economical and practical in heat transfer printing industry. It is unique in its ability to convert from a solid to a gas without going through a liquid form. (Just like dry ice.)
Sublimation inks from DIYPrintingSupply.com utilize popular desktop inkjet printers from Epson and Ricoh, and a standard heat press machine, to produce premium full-color, photographic quality images that will not crack, peel or wash away from the substrate.
The conversion is initiated by heat and controlled with pressure and time. Hard items such as ceramic, fiberboard, metals, etc. Requires a special coating on its surface to accept the sublimation inks. If the pressure, time or temperature is not appropriate for a particular sublimation blanks, then the quality of printing will be affected.
Before start heat transfer printing, you need to know which ink suitable for gift product to ensure the image transfer are long lasting.